Read more: Carrol Quigley and the Conflict Wthin Western civilization

Carrol Quigley and the Conflict Within Western Civilization

Economic instability is growing within the West, and the reason for this instability might be part of a greater scenario than many are unwilling to acknowledge - or are even aware. In fact, a general observation justifies the claim that the entire socioeconomic and political-economic foundation of contemporary Western civilization is in crisis. Or, as Carrol Quigley might say, Western Civilization is in a ‘stage of conflict’.

Read more: Empire loyalists - The 19 October 2015 election outcome in Canada

Empire loyalists - The October 19 2015 election outcome in Canada

* This article is part of a new series at examining significant issues of concern within particular Western nation states. *

This article will discuss Canadians and how the apparent naive sense of 'change' evident among the general Canadian electorate during the 2015 federal election is a social attribute associated with Canadian culture. Whereas the common description of a Canadian will be 'polite', 'nice', and so on, these are vague social descriptions. Significantly, why do Canadians behave this way, where does this behaviour originate, and why does this matter in the political context? In comparison on a global scale (that is, with humans from other societies on Earth) Canadians are timid, risk-averse, and apathetic. Forgive me if you're Canadian and take offence to this comment - apparently even I cannot escape the 'Canadianization' of my psyche. My intent here is not to insult Canadian culture. Instead, I am merely describing what is a fascinating aspect of Canada and Canadians which is often overlooked. Admittedly, it took me 2 years of living and studying public administration and public policy in Australia in order to acquire a mind distant enough from 'Canada' to be able to understand Canadian culture. While my conclusion will not be accepted by some, this is not sufficient enough to argue that my observations are inaccurate. This observation, made apparent while living overseas, becomes quite evident when one examines the election outcome of 2015. My observation is this: Canadian culture is a unique by product of American flamboyance, where Americans are keen to take risks, Canadians proceed with caution. When Americans elected Barack Obama on the basis of political 'change', Canadians elected Justin Trudeau out of caution, safety, namely brand recognition.

Read more: We were once explorers adventurers and pioneers

We were once explorers, adventurers, and pioneers

In contemporary Western universities, at least within the social sciences, professors commonly condition their students to look back at Western heritage with disdain, with contempt. The heroic and courageous stories of sailors crossing the Atlantic have been hijacked by academic narratives on how, 'the white man' mistreated native peoples and invaded the 'First Nations'. Instead of researching the motivation steering the ingenuity which created the steam engine, the combustion engine, and the telegraph, academics have made careers obsessed with the 'the white man's' immoral behaviour when establishing colonies. Instead of focusing on what has made us great, our universities are obsessed with teaching - in their opinion - what makes the West immoral, racist, sexist, and so on. The problem is that what used to be the opinion of a handful of Marxist university professors has become an academic norm - at least within the social sciences.

Read more: The global village and the migrant crisis affecting Europe

The global village and the migrant crisis affecting Europe

Humanity now lives in a global village. The idea of a 'global village' was defined by the Canadian philosopher Marshal McLuhan in the 1960s. McLuhan was ahead of his time in claiming that information technology (IT) was breaking through the geographical barriers which separated humanity throughout our history. With the creation of technology capable of digitally moving information throughout the world, it became possible for individuals on either side of an ocean to communicate and share ideas almost instantaneously. McLuhan's claim is significant since he saw how IT would became a major influence on human societies long before the Internet become accessible in nearly every home in the Western world. Moreover, McLuhan's work also foreshadowed how technology would bring humanity into a single unified community, a 'global village', quite similar to the world we live within in the twenty-first century.

Read more: A summary of The Clash of Civilizations

A summary of The Clash of Civilizations

The ‘clash of civilizations’ is a term originally applied by Bernard Lewis (1990) in an article published in the September 1990 issue of The Atlantic. Lewis’ article was titled ‘The Roots of Muslim Rage’ and as the title suggests, Lewis’ article offered a critique of Islam in a historical context. According to Lewis, “It [Islam] inspired a great civilization in which others besides Muslims lived creative and useful lives and which, by its achievement, enriched the whole world” (p. 17). However Lewis cautions that Islam, “like other religions, has also known periods when it inspired in some of its followers a mood of hatred and violence. It is our misfortune that part, though by no means all or even most, of the Muslim world is now going through such a period, and that much, though again not all, of that hatred is directed against us. (pp. 17-18).” By ‘us’ Lewis was referring to the Western World – hence his later warning of a ‘clash’ between the two civilizations: The West and ‘Islam’. The purpose of this article is to briefly summarize the clash of civilizations as interpreted by Bernard Lewis and Samuel P. Huntington.